Sunday, October 30, 2011

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF DRUG's

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF DRUG's

By UZMA KIRAN and NADIA WAKEEL

Since the down of human history, human beings have been making new inventions and discoveries for his comfort and ease. Being ambitious, the man does not stop at any point but rather struggle to fulfill his ambitious by all means and methods, His personal safety and amitious gains necessitated manufacturing of various types of lethal arms.

The man was still on his way to improve his dangerous inventions, when the modern science gave him a gift in the form of narcotics. The effect of narcotics is more dreadful than those lethal arms of which have so far came into existence.

Heroin was discovered by the German Bayer company and a similar drug was also discovered in England a decade earlier and given the Latin have Heroin pertaining to its heroic effects of helping the ability to bear pain to the contrary of the good will of the discove and the pressing needs to produce a substitute for the depending producing opium.

Al-Berune and Ibn-Sina discovered the properties of opium in 1000 A.D. Rawolf in 1570 discovered the addictive properties of opium. 1806, German pharmacologist able to extract morphine out of opium. In 1833, injection of morphine has been invented and used in American civil war and French German war in 1870.

They said that Doctors are responsible for addiction as patients first used it medicinally and then they became addicted.

The history of drug use in South Asia reach back for millina. The ritual use of a drug known as “Soma” has been mentioned in Rig-veda, the most ancient of the sacred Hindu teret, which now was written in Indus valley.

The area now constituting Pakistan. The habitual use of stimulants, sedatives and euphoric drugs was probably prevalent in India before any other country of the modern world.

The earliest estimate places the introduction of opium into India by Arab traders in 9th century A.D. During Mughal Empire (1526-1857) poppy and cannabis were cultivated on form lands and a heavy tax leaving on the crops.

Akbar, the great mughal emperor introduced (1556-1605) wide-ranging reforms in the revenue system. Opium export was started from India during his reign. Poppy cultivation and the sole of opium became state monopolies

( CAUSES OF DRUG ADDICTION AMONG YOUTH AND THE ROLE OF EDUCATION [ A LIMITED STUDY ] )

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