BY: GUL NAZIR KHAN SUBJECT SPECIALIST GOVT: HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL
JAMRUD KHYBER AGENCY.
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to determine the areas of
weaknesses in relations to the existing administrative practices in
FATA Government High Schools for boys of Khyber Agency, Tehsil Jamrud.
It is the descriptive type of research, which is mainly concerned with
the existing conditions, and evaluation of school administration by
the head masters in secondary schools of the Tehsil Jamrud. The method
adopted for the research is a survey method. Ten out of fifteen
schools were selected through simple random sample. A questionnaire
was distributed among all the head masters of the schools. The result
was calculated through simple percentage. Sixty percent of the head
masters /principals observed that there is grouping in their school
.About 70% of the school head masters/principals responded that there
is deficiencies of infrastructures and teaching staffs especially
science teachers. In order to avoid grouping in the school it is
necessary on the part of the head master/principal that he should be
impartial, unbiased and neutral in the school. A need is felt to
provide in-services refresher training course to these staff. So that
they may be able to acquaint themselves to the problems arises in the
field of administration. In order to avoid grouping in the school it
is necessary on the part of the head master/principal that he should
be impartial, unbiased and neutral in the school.
FATA- (Federally administered tribal area), Khyber agency-(part of
F.A.T.A), Jamrud-(tehsil of Khyber agency), Head master- (head of the
Introduction-; the word administere is derived from the latin word
ministiare which means to serve. In its common sense administer means
to manage the affair of other or to look after people (A.R Tygi nd).
The educational leader "must stay focused on core business despite
desperate stakeholder demands, uncertain funding, critical labor
shortage and must be highly skilled at dealing with sensitive and
divisive issues with in politically charged environment.." (carr,2003)
The world today is a rapidly changing world. New goals are being set
up and new techniques are being devised in order to achieve
readjustment of society to new situations. This is particularly so in
the case of a developing country like Pakistan. The present condition
calls for headmasters or principals with a broad, deep and thorough
understanding of life, to achieve the objectives in an educational
organization. Our school administration lacks such skills. What are
the causes of these poor school administrations, the research was
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: The purpose of this study is to determine
the areas of weaknesses in relation to the existing administrative
practices in F.A.T.A government high schools at tehsil jamrud Khyber
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROBLEM: the main purpose of this study is to
evaluate the head masters awareness of administration under the
present system. Secondly is to determine the benefits being gained by
the teachers students and community.
DELIMITATION OF THE STUD: In view of the shorter time and limited
resources the study is confined to:
1: Tehsil Jamrud( one of the three tehsils of Khyber agency).
2: Boys high schools.
3: One academic year.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study are'
1 To point out the effect of deficiency of staffs on school administration.
2 Influence of deficiencies of infra structure on school administration.
3 The effect of groupings among the teachers on school administration.
NATURE OF THE RESEARCH:
It is the descriptive type of research, which is mainly
concerned with the existing conditions, and evaluation of school
administration by the teachers in secondary schools of the Tehsil
Jamrud. The method adopted for the research is a survey method. It
involves collecting and interpreting of the data collected with regard
to the existing administrative practices in High schools of Tehsil
Jamrud Khyber Agency. The instrument used in the research was
questionnaire which consists of ten questions. Ten out of fifteen
schools were selected through simple random sampling.
2. CONSTRUCTION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE:
The questionnaire was designed for principals/ head
masters including one type of item, that is Yes/No, item;
Formal discussions in connection with the questionnaire were
frequently made with the supervisor of the research study to make the
questionnaire more objective. Some items from the questionnaire were
excluded, refined the remaining ones and finally items were selected
for duplicating under the guidance of the research supervisor.
After construction of the questionnaire, it was cyclostyled for
sending out to the concerned schools. Some extra copies made for
3. CONTENT OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE:
The items included in questionnaire are of closed form type because
they are easy to fill in, take little time, keep the respondent of the
subject, relatively objective and fairly easy to analyze.
The questionnaire was constructed to collect factual information's
about the extent and nature of the existing conditions of "poor
administrative practices" in the high schools of Tehsil Jamrud.
Questions concerning the ways and means of relationship between the
school and the community were also included on the questionnaire.
4. AREAS CONTAINED IN THE INSTUMENT:
The instrument contains questions regarding the following areas:-
a. Headmaster teacher's relationship.
b. Training in management and administration.
c. Principal's self-confidence, commitment and vision.
d. School-community relationship.
e. Rules and regulations in the school.
f. Teaching and non teaching staff cooperation
g. Political interference.
h. Shortage of infrastructures.
i. Deficiencies of staff.
j. Grouping among teachers.
k. School's location.
1:GROUPING IN THE SCHOOL
N = 10
Response of the principals and head masters about any types of
grouping in the school.
In the above table 60% head masters/principals admit that there is
grouping in their school. These grouping were either community based
(relatives, friends etc) or on political party based, on the basis of
their religion while in the big school these grouping are on the
ranking bases according to the detail discussions with them . These
groupings are fatal to the school administration. For effective
administration no grouping will be required.
2:DEFICIENCY OF TEACHING STAFFS ESPECIALLY OF SCIENCE TEACHERS..
N = 10
Response of the principals about deficiency of teaching staffs
especially science teachers in their school.
Yes 07 70 %
No 03 30 %
About 70% of the schools in Tehsil Jamrud Khyber agency are deficient
in staffs especially of science teacher, which also contribute to the
poor school administration.
3:DEFICIENCIES OF INFRASTRUCTURES.
N = 10
Is there any deficiency of infrastructure in your school?
Yes 70 70 %
No 30 30 %
About 70% of the schools in Tehsil Jamrud Khyber agency, face shortage
of infrastructures like classrooms, play ground, wash rooms'
facilities, clean and drinkable water, laboratory apparatus etc. Most
of the schools lack proper buildings. The situation is further worse
for science students provided no laboratory, apparatus, and chemicals.
Sixty percent of the school head masters/principals said they have
grouping in their schools. These grouping are either on community
based, Political based or on religious based.
Forty percent of the schools were deprived of teaching staff
especially of science teachers.
About 70% of the schools face the shortage of basic facilities in the
form of infrastructures like classrooms, ground, washrooms facility
and laboratory equipments.
In the light of the above study following recommendations were made
on the government as well as for further research study.
Government should keep strict vigilance on the performance of teachers.
Provide staffs to schools and give infrastructures facilities to each
school. The study is not final; however there are some areas in this
connection which needs further research like low socioeconomic
condition of the teachers and principal, relationship of the
headmasters with the teachers and students and lack of commitments on
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